Personal Data and PIPD in Hong Kong

The definition of personal data in the PDPO is not as wide as that of GDPR. The latter defines an identifiable natural person as a person who can be identified, directly or indirectly, by reference to any information such as name; identification number; location data; and factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that person.

The PDPO, on the other hand, only requires that personal data be collected lawfully and fairly and for one purpose only. This does not mean that personal data can be used for new purposes, even with the consent of the individual, unless it is necessary to do so for a lawful purpose such as the prevention or detection of crime or the enforcement of the laws of Hong Kong or its territories. This is why it is important to consider the purpose for which you collect personal data when preparing for a PIPD assessment.

Whether an organisation will be required to obtain a PICS will depend on whether it processes sensitive personal data. If it does, it will be required to comply with a range of obligations under the six core data protection principles (DPPs) and any additional provisions in the PDPO.

As well as being required to have a PIPD assessment, any organisation that processes sensitive personal data will be subject to higher security and compliance requirements. This includes a duty to report any breaches of the PDPO to the Data Protection Supervisory Authority. It is also important for organisations to consider how they will deal with a data subject’s request to access their personal data under the DPPs.

In addition to meeting a requirement for a PIPD assessment, organisations that process sensitive personal data will be required to comply with the higher standards of the Data Protection Supervisory Authority’s Code of Practice. The code of practice sets out a framework for good practices and guidance on how to handle data in line with the principles of the PDPO.

Aside from being a legal requirement, it is in the interests of businesses to comply with the PDPO’s high standards as this will ensure that they meet their data protection obligations and avoid potential legal action. This is particularly the case for those who use personal data that has an impact on individuals. With the current mooted modernisation of Hong Kong’s data protection regime, there is no better time for companies to review their data processing activities and ensure that they are compliant with the PDPO.

How Gambling Can Affect Your Life

Gambling is a form of entertainment that involves wagering something of value on an event with the intent to win something else of value. It is a popular pastime that can offer an adrenaline rush and a sense of accomplishment, but it is also a serious problem for many people. The addiction to gambling can have many negative effects on a person’s life, including financial difficulties and problems with relationships and work. The good news is that there are ways to overcome this addiction, such as treatment and joining a support group.

The human need for risk-taking and thrill-seeking is a significant factor in the appeal of gambling, even though it’s a high-risk, low-reward activity. In addition, it has been found that some people have a genetic predisposition to impulse control issues and thrill-seeking behaviours, which can lead to problematic gambling. It is also thought that some gamblers may have an underactive brain reward system, which can contribute to their addictive behaviour.

People gamble for a variety of reasons, from the thrill of winning to socialising with friends and escaping from worries or stress. But it can become dangerous if a person begins to lose more than they win and starts to borrow money or spend more than they have. This can lead to debt, bankruptcy and even homelessness. It can also cause emotional problems, such as depression and anxiety, which can affect other aspects of a person’s life, such as work, family and health.

Although the majority of gamblers are not addicted, a growing number are developing serious problems and should seek help. Fortunately, there are numerous treatment options available, from counselling to medication. A good place to start is with a support group, such as Gamblers Anonymous, which follows the model of Alcoholics Anonymous. In addition, there are a number of self-help tips and guides available online.

Regulatory bodies regulate gambling by implementing strict guidelines and protocols aimed at preventing issues like addiction and crime. These include providing resources for addiction treatment and ensuring that casinos are safe environments for all patrons. In addition, they are required to adhere to specific standards regarding building security and surveillance systems, which helps deter criminal activity and prevent illegal gambling activities.

Gambling can have positive economic impacts on a local economy, which can be seen in the creation of jobs and increased consumer spending. Moreover, it can also have a positive impact on tourism, which leads to increased income for local businesses.

Despite the fact that gambling is a dangerous addiction, it remains one of the most common pastimes in our society. It has been around for centuries, with evidence of dice games being found among Stone Age cultures, the Bushmen of South Africa and Australian aborigines. The popularity of casino games, especially on the Internet, has risen over the past decade, with new forms of gaming being introduced all the time. But if you’re not careful, it can be easy to get caught up in the hype.